St. Kitts and Nevis is located in Leeward Islands in the North East Caribbean and is one of the nine Member States of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). The Islands of St. Kitts and Nevis are volcanic in nature with undulating topography and both have central mountain ranges that are burnished by a system of dry rivers, locally called ghauts that were created from the rapid runoff from the mountains to the coastline. The rapid run off triggers land slippage and flooding during periods of heavy rainfall. The islands are prone to other natural hazards that include hurricanes which are most common during the Tropical Atlantic Season of 1st June to 30th November and occasional volcanic and tectonic activity. Earthquakes of magnitude 8.0 and above have occurred in the past that inflicted major financial losses to both islands. The consequences of these natural disasters can have a severe impact on economic activities, property, human welfare, and natural resources. A European Commission Humanitarian Office (ECHO) diagnostic study reports that between 1900 and 1996, Caribbean countries had sustained 309 disaster events resulting in over 72,000 deaths and approximately 12 million people affected.

Year of OccurrenceDISASTER EVENTSDamages
1626St. Kitts – Bloody Point was the location where the French & British forces massacred over 2000 Carib Indians>2000 Fatalities
1642A hurricane destroyed all the houses on the island of St. Kitts
1667A hurricane destroyed all the houses on the island of St. Kitts
10th April 1690Jamestown, former Capital of Nevis, reportedly destroyed by an earthquake & subsequent Tsunami at 5 pm
31 Aug 1772Hurricane caused worth of damage on St. Kitts£500 000
4th Sept 1776A fire caused significant loss of property in St. Kitts.  It was followed only a day later by a hurricane
1790Major flooding torment the inhabitants of Basseterre
9th Sept 1821Destructive Hurricane
17th Aug 1827Destructive Hurricane
12th Aug 1835Destructive Hurricane
1833Dreadful Earthquakes affected Nevis
October 1836MV Clarendon while travelling from Basseterre, St. Kitts to England with cargo of rum, sugar, arrow root, coconuts and turtles, sought shelter in Portsmouth after crossing the Atlantic but without success. The ship had encountered strong winds while crossing the Atlantic. The ship sunk when it came under hurricane force winds while trying to get to Plymouth for shelter. 3 crewman saved.13 sailors and 10 passengers perished
8th Feb 1843Earthquake Mag 8.0 to 8.5 affecting Nevis – Charlestown Court House to the ground. Bath house much damaged. Custom House partly down and all the Mills in the island more or less injured, nearly the whole of the town destroyed, most of the wood built houses are left standing, all the stone buildings are so injured that they must be taken down and rebuilt, estimated damage at £50,000 only 2 Mills on the island that can be worked.£50,000
1854Cholera Epidemic – It was estimated that one sixth of the population died from the disease. 3,920 persons died in St. Kitts and 891 in Nevis4,811 Fatalities
2nd July 1867The great fire of 1867 left damage throughout Basseterre. Many people were homeless and food was scarce as most businesses had lost significant inventory to the flames.
21st Aug 1871Destructive Hurricane
12th Sept 1876Destructive Hurricane
4th Jan 1880St. Kitts – Disastrous flooding of Basseterre231 Fatalities
7th Aug 1899Destructive Hurricane
28th Aug 1924Destructive Hurricane
13th Sept 1928Destructive Hurricane
1948M.V. Crown sank in the Caribbean sea while travelling from Nevis to St. Kitts with a crew of eight, captained by Elenezer Hicks3 Fatalities
1950’sSevere earthquakes strike St. Kitts & Nevis
1950’sM.V. Lady Nisbett and M.V. Enterprise mishap/accident
10th April 195012 persons died in a stampede on Easter Monday at Brimstone Hill, St. Kitts when a crowd ran into a passageway to escape from rain12 Fatalities
1st Aug 1970M.V. Christena Disaster (236 persons die in boat incident in the Narrows, between St. Kitts & Nevis)236 Fatalities
1974An earthquake of magnitude 7.5 struck the Leeward Islands causing significant damage. St. George’s Anglican Church damageXCD $23 Million
USD $8.5 Million
1982The Court House in St. Kitts was burnt to the ground in 1982 and rebuilt in 1995Arson
16th Mar 1985Earthquake Mag 6-6 Slight Damage in Nevis
17th Sept 1989Hurricane Hugo impacts St. Kitts & NevisXCD 112 Million
1 Fatality
5th Sept 1995Hurricane Luis impacts St. Kitts & NevisXCD $ 197 Million
USD $72,509,109.60
15th Sept 1995Hurricane Marilyn impacts St. Kitts & Nevis
1998Major flooding continues to torment the inhabitants of Basseterre
21st Sept 1998Hurricane Georges impacts St. Kitts & NevisUSD $402,074,074
20th Oct 1999Hurricane Jose impacts St. Kitts and NevisXCD $10,222,456
USD $ 3,786, 099
18th Nov 1999Hurricane Lenny severely damages the Nevis coastline, Four Seasons Hotel, Deep Water HarboursXCD $113,237,057
USD $41,939,650
29th Nov 2007Earthquake Mag 7.3 Slight damage in Nevis
17th Oct 2008Hurricane Omar severely damages the Four Seasons Hotel causing the Hotel to be closed for more than 1 yearXCD $ 17,101,875
29th Aug 2010Hurricane Earl impacts St. Kitts and NevisXCD $ 8,034,000
2nd Oct 2010Tropical Storm Otto impacts St. Kitts and NevisXDC $54,403,000
Nov 2012Flooding in Stoney Grove, Ramsbury and Charlestown CommunitiesXCD $2,500,000
28th Dec 2015Earthquake Mag 5.6 No Damage reported
19th Mar 2016Earthquake Mag 6.0 No Damage reported